Transcripts / Court Reporters
Guardianship of the record of court proceedings is a key and historic responsibility of the Court. Each court session and proceeding designated by statute, court rule, general order or order of an individual judge is recorded verbatim by stenotype or electronic sound recording equipment.
A written transcript is produced upon the request of a party or order of the Court. On this page you will find instructions for how to order a transcript or recording, an explanation of the available formats and delivery options (including costs), as well as forms and links to more information.
Effective March 18, 2013, e-filing of all transcript orders is mandatory EXCEPT for:
- under-seal cases/proceedings;
- CJA cases;
- non-party transcript orders; and
- pro se parties who are not e-filers.
Complete & e-file form CAND 435.
- View instructions for completing CAND 435 on this page.
Download e-filing instructions for regular transcripts and daily trial transcripts:
Regular transcripts (PDF)
Daily trial transcripts (PDF)
DESIGNATING & ORDERING TRANSCRIPTS FOR AN APPEAL
There are 4 separate steps to ordering transcripts for an appeal:
- Step #1: Designate transcripts on Form CAND-TDF (.pdf). View instructions for completing CAND-TDF on this page.
- Step #2: Review the docket and identify transcripts already ordered.
- Step #3: E-file the CAND-TDF form. View instructions for e-filing CAND-TDF.
- Step #4: Order transcripts using CAND-435 (see summary above and instructions on this page).
These steps should not be combined. E-file CAND TDF and CAND 435(s) separately!
I. How to find out whether a transcript and/or audio recording are available and the name of your court reporter
- II. How to order a transcript
- III. How to order a transcript or a CD of an audio-recorded proceeding
- IV. How to designate and arrange for transcripts for an appeal
- V. Frequently-Asked Questions
I. How to find out whether a transcript and/or audio recording is available and the name of your court reporter
To determine whether a proceeding was:
- (1) reported by a court reporter (transcript available);
- (2) audio-recorded on FTR or a tape (copy of audio available and/or transcript available); or
- (3) the matter was not reported or recorded (no transcript or audio available)
you need to review the minutes for that proceeding. For each proceeding held before a judge, “minutes” are filed within 24 hours on the CM/ECF docket sheet. (If no minutes are listed, contact the judge’s courtroom deputy or email the courtroom deputy supervisor for San Francisco/Eureka, Oakland, or San Jose. Docket information is available from the electronic filing system via PACER (www.pacer.gov).
On the CM/ECF docket sheet, click on the link to the minutes for the proceeding to download and review the minutes and, importantly, to determine the correct date of the proceeding. If the minutes indicate the name of a court reporter present, then a transcript is available upon request and payment. If the minutes do not indicate a court reporter was present, but instead indicate “FTR” or “tape,” then a copy of the audio and/or a transcript are available upon request and payment (more information below). If no court reporter, FTR or tape is indicated, there was no record made; no transcript can be produced.
Example docket text for a minute entry:
A. Before you begin, read: “Six important things to know before you order a transcript.”
If, after reading the instructions on this page, you still have questions, contact the court reporter supervisor for the division where the case is pending.
B. Complete and e-file in CM/ECF the CAND-435 Transcript Order form (.pdf).
CJA counsel should not use CAND-435 and should refer to the CJA Unit's transcript ordering instructions.
Complete all applicable fields in the CAND-435 Form. Detailed instructions for completing each field are on page 2 of the form.
If you are requesting daily trial transcripts, please note the following:
- General Order 23 requires that daily transcript and/or realtime requests must be submitted at least 7 days before the start of trial unless the assigned judge requires more lead time; a number of judges require more lead time (e.g. 14 days), so please read and comply with the pretrial order in effect for the proceeding.
- You will complete the CAND-435 Form and e-file it one time only for the duration of trial.
- If you want to order transcripts for less than the entire trial, list the dates or portions you wish to order (use an attached page if necessary to clearly define your request); if you do not know which dates/portions you will be ordering, type "misc." in the date field. Please contact the court reporter supervisor to determine the availability of a court reporter for only certain days/portions of a daily trial transcript.
- Open and follow the special e-filing instructions for daily trial transcripts, as the e-filing process is different from the process for regular transcript orders (e.g. the court reporter is assigned after you e-file the order, so you will not be prompted to select the court reporter).
- As soon as your daily trial transcript order is e-filed, a notice of electronic filing is sent to the court reporter supervisor to assign a court reporter to the upcoming trial to provide the transcripts and/or realtime requested.
- Once a trial court reporter has been assigned, and especially if the trial is underway, it is imperative that parties give the trial court reporter an immediate verbal request, followed by an email, if they decide to request additional days or portions not listed on the original order, so the reporter can attempt to make arrangements to fulfill your request.
If you are ordering a transcript for digitally recorded proceedings, complete a CAND_435 Transcript Order form and e-file it in the case (unless one of the above-enumerated exceptions to the e-filing requirement applies). Your order should indicate the desired transcript format(s) and delivery time(s). The court reporter supervisor will reply with the estimated deposit and payment instructions. The court-authorized transcriber will deliver your transcript and an invoice form, and will e-file the transcript within 3 working days.
C. E-file your completed CAND-435.
Please note that there are separate e-filing processes for regular transcript orders and daily trial transcript orders. Please open or download the applicable e-filing instructions for regular transcripts and daily trial transcripts before beginning: Regular transcripts (.pdf) | Daily trial transcripts (PDF).
Exceptions to the e-filing requirement:
- Under-seal proceedings: submit a hard copy of the transcript order form to the court reporter.
- Non-parties: submit a hard copy of the transcript order form to the court reporter.
- Pro se parties without ECF access: submit a hard copy of the transcript order form to the court reporter.
- CJA counsel: follow the CJA Unit's transcript ordering instructions.
D. Do not provide the Court with a chambers copy (or any hard copy) of the e-filed order form.
E. The delivery time begins to run when payment arrangements are made with the court reporter.
This is usually the date on which the court reporter receives your deposit check. The court reporter will deliver your transcript along with an invoice and will e-file the transcript within 3 working days of delivery.
NOTE: Court reporters will make best efforts to honor all requests, but daily and expedited delivery is not guaranteed and is subject to court reporters' prior commitments, especially if the notice required by General Order 23 is not provided. Court reporters will confirm delivery availability when informing you of the required deposit amount.
If the minutes do not indicate a court reporter was present, but instead indicate “FTR” or “tape,” then a copy of the audio is available upon request and payment. You have two choices:
- You may order a transcript of the audio recording, using the process described under #8220;How to Order a Transcript” above, or
- You may order the audio recording in an audio format.
For appellate cases an official transcript is required and ordering a CD will not meet that requirement.
To request a copy of the digitally recorded proceedings in an audio format use the AO 436 CD/Tape Order form (www.uscourts.gov ...) and email the request directly to the assigned judge's courtroom deputy. For San Jose recorded FTR hearings, please contact Mark Zaffarano at (408) 535-5358.
Audio recordings are $30; pre-payment is required. Counsel should submit a check for $30 payable to “Clerk, United States District Court,” and mailed to 450 Golden Gate Ave., 16th Floor, San Francisco, CA 94102. Note that no fee is charged to CJA counsel or to the Federal Public Defender and United States Attorney.
To order transcripts for an appeal before either the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals or the Federal Circuit Court of Appeals, please refer to the Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure and/or each circuit’s local rules. For the next step, use the "Transcript Designation Form" for appeals filed with the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals or the "Transcript Purchase Order" for the Federal Circuit Court of Appeals, as applicable.
Designating transcripts for the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals is normally a four-step process, summarized here. View detailed instructions for e-filing CAND-TDF.
- 1. Designate transcripts on the Transcript Designation Form (“CAND-TDF”). See detailed instructions on form.
- 2. Identify transcripts already ordered. REVIEW the ECF docket sheet to determine which, if any, of the transcripts you have designated, are already e-filed. In the right column of the table, CHECK “yes” and enter the docket number of each designated, e-filed transcript OR “no” for each designated transcript that needs to be ordered.
- 3. E-file the CAND-TDF.
- 4. Order transcripts using the CAND-435 Transcript Order Form. For any remaining designated transcripts that have not been e-filed, COMPLETE, separately for each court reporter, a CAND 435 Transcript Order (CJA counsel should instead complete CJA 24 forms and submit them to the CJA Unit). E-file each CAND 435 Transcript Order in the U.S. District Court (not the 9th Circuit) case.
The court reporter e-files the transcripts with the district court pursuant to Fed. R. App. P. 11(a)(1)(c) and does not provide a separate copy to the circuit court. Circuit Rule 30-1 requires appellants to provide the court with four copies of an excerpts of record along with the opening brief. The rules requires inclusion of certain portions of the transcripts. Please see the appellate rules for more details.
(1) The Court of Appeals requires a transcript; a CD will not meet that requirement.
(2) After ordering your transcripts, it is your responsibility to monitor the e-filing of those transcripts on ECF docket. Any transcripts not timely filed should be brought to the attention of the court reporter and court reporter supervisor for the division in which the proceeding was held.
- Q. Are all transcripts certified if I purchase them from a court reporter or download them from CM/ECF?
- A. Yes, any transcript purchased from a court reporter or downloaded from CM/ECF is a certified copy.
- Q. When does the time begin for transcript delivery?
- A. Transcript preparation and delivery times begin once payment arrangements have been made with the court reporter. This may not occur until a deposit check is received.
- Q. When the transcript is filed on CM/ECF, may I download it?
- A. When the original transcript is filed on CM/ECF, it is locked for 90 days during which time it may be purchased from the court reporter and/or viewed (but not printed) from the computer at the Clerk's Office front counter. After 90 days, the transcript on CM/ECF is unlocked and may be downloaded at no additional cost, except the .10 per page PACER fee.
- Q. May I order a rough/uncertified transcript?
- A. Only realtime certified court reporters (CRRs) are qualified to provide a “rough” or realtime transcript, which is unedited and uncertified.